What is Mesothelioma Cancer?

What is Mesothelioma Cancer

A simple answer is that mesothelioma is a form of cancer. However, there are a lot of factors you need to consider in order to understand mesothelioma cancer in more detail. Mesothelioma begins in the cells in the linings of some body parts such as of abdomen or chest. As known, cancer shows up with the cells growing beyond control. The worse part is cells in almost all body parts can develop into cancer.

The name mesothelioma is given to this cancerous form as it (mesothelioma) develops in mesothelial cells lining within your abdomen, chest as well as the space surrounding your heart. These cells cover up the external surface of many internal organs and the lining created using the cells is known as mesothelium.


Mesothelioma Causes

Now that is known what is mesothelioma, what are the chances of getting mesothelioma? In order to answer this, we need to have a look at the causes. The most likely cause of getting this cancer is regular contact with asbestos – a cluster of minerals having slight microscopic fibers. Asbestos is mined and being used in automotive, construction, as well as other industries as such fibers, can withstand fire, chemicals and heat and also the chemicals never generate electricity.

When small fibers of asbestos are being released into the air during the manufacturing process, either they can be swallowed or inhaled resulting in severe health problems. One such problem is malignant mesothelioma. It is said that 75% cases diagnosed with mesothelioma are connected to asbestos exposure at the workplace when swallowed or inhaled for a prolonged period.

Not only is this but also the asbestos disease has evidence of affecting family members of the workers. This can be the outcome of the dust being brought home on their (workers) hairs and clothing. There are also cases heard among those who reside in close proximity to asbestos mines.

Apart from asbestos, there are well some other mesothelioma causes which include the following:

Zeolites – Connected chemically to asbestos one of which is erionite. This chemical has higher chances of causing mesothelioma when exposed.

Radiation – There have been reports stating that high radiation doses in abdomen or chest post injecting thorium dioxide also leads to this rare form of cancer.

Simian Virus 40 (SV40) – Few studies made among animals in the laboratory stated that there is an increased probability of developing the disease.

Genetics – Few experts are of the view that some people might genetically be predisposed to this cancer. However, the rates of this disease differ among the populations.


Mesothelioma Symptoms

The mesothelioma symptoms usually don’t appear unless a person is exposed to asbestos till (20-50) years. However, the symptoms might show up according to the forms of mesothelioma. Have a look:


Pleural Mesothelioma

  • Symptoms might include the following:
  • A continuous cough
  • Feeling pain in lower back or chest
  • Breathing shortness
  • Unexplainable loss of weight and
  • Suffering from high fever at least 100.4°F and sweating especially during night hours.


Peritoneal Mesothelioma

  • Feel like vomiting or nausea
  • Don’t feel like eating
  • Unexplainable loss of weight
  • Swelling or pain in your abdomen and
  • Suffering from constipation or diarrhea


Pericardial Mesothelioma

Symptoms, as felt by the patients, include the following:

  • Continuous coughing
  • Palpitations in heart
  • Pain in chest
  • Breathing shortness and
  • Fluid within pericardial space


Mesothelioma Of Tunica Vaginalis:

One of the most common symptoms you can see in mesothelioma of tunica vaginalis is swelling or mass formation on the testicle.


Mesothelioma Treatment

In general, there are four treatment options suggested for mesothelioma which are:


Foremost option for mesothelioma treatment is surgery which is recommended when the cancer is contained in lining surrounding abdomen or lungs. This is a curative treatment option and along with, you might be asked for chemotherapy and radiation therapy to kill the cells of cancer left behind post the surgery.

Even there are palliative and less disturbing surgeries available for the patients suffering from mesothelioma. Usually, those surgeries don’t prove to be fruitful to survive the damages of a big surgery or when cancer has spread by now. These surgeries aim at relieving patients of the symptoms thereby making them feel better. Additionally, radiation therapy and chemotherapy might be continued pre and post the surgery sessions.



As known, chemotherapy is a treatment procedure used for many cancerous types including mesothelioma as well. Chemotherapy drugs are being designed for killing the cells of cancer. Since the chemotherapy drugs affect healthy and cancerous cells, you might feel shoddier post the treatment compared to before. This is the reason why few patients stay away from undergoing chemotherapy. Doctors here play a significant role suggesting options seeing condition of their patients.


Radiation Therapy:

It is a non-invasive treatment procedure using high energy rays for targeting cancer. Usually, radiation therapy is combined with additional treatment options to either manage the growth of the tumor or shrink tumors. The best part is this treatment does not possess the side effects of chemotherapy and also reduces physical pain caused by mesothelioma. But this radiation therapy is used cautiously to only some forms of mesothelioma as it can prove to be poisonous for different organs thereby damaging DNA when killing the cells of cancer. It can even be recommended in palliative incidences when surgery does not work anymore.


Multimodal Therapy:

Where all the treatment options for cancer might possess their own advantages, often the specialists of cancer recommend an efficient multimodal approach which is the blend of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In the multimodal approach, the specialists from all the fields set out a plan that suits the best for their patients and work together to implement the plan. Few people who undergo this multimodal approach can control cancer.

If you or any other person you know suffer from this cancer and have been denied compensation then it is possible to file a mesothelioma lawsuit against the employer. Seek the assistance of an experienced mesothelioma lawyer and get much-needed guidance throughout the process of this case.