Mesothelioma is an awful illness that is, unfortunately, entirely avoidable. It is mainly caused by being exposed to asbestos, mesothelioma is a type of cancer that grows in the linings of certain parts of the body, such as the lung, the heart, and abdomen.
When asbestos is inhaled (or less often, ingested), it can enter into the lining of the lungs or move to one of the other parts of the body, where it becomes embedded because of the small, hook-like shape of asbestos fibers.
Eventually, these embedded asbestos fibers result in inflammation, which may cause mesothelial cells to mutate and eventually form cancerous tumors.
This process isn’t quick. It may take years from the first being exposed to asbestos to the time when someone begins seeing – or feeling – the initial mesothelioma symptoms within their body. The average latency period (time period from first exposure to asbestos to the time of prognosis) is around Thirty-five years, however, it usually varies from 20-50 years and sometimes longer.
There isn’t any known safe level of exposure to asbestos – i.e., virtually any exposure to asbestos is potentially capable of leading to mesothelioma several years later. Although there is a dose-response relationship (the greater the exposure, the higher the risk of disease) there isn’t any known safe threshold or “safe” exposure level.
Typical Mesothelioma Symptoms
The first indications of mesothelioma tend to be minimal. Several patients believe they’ve got a respiratory infection or muscle strain.
A lot of patients, irrespective of mesothelioma type, have similar symptoms, including:
Wheezing or even a dry cough
Brought on by irritation of the lung and pleural lining tissue. This can be an indicator of acute respiratory infection and chronic bronchitis, which is why many people with a dry cough don’t believe that mesothelioma is bringing about their symptoms.
This can include shortness of breath through exertion and while resting. The infiltration of cancer into the lungs causes lack of breath, which inhibits air-flow, stopping oxygen from reaching lungs properly. The lungs try to make up for poor air exchange by boosting the respiratory rate. This may lead to the sensation of not receiving enough air. A lot of patients write this symptom off. They generally think it’s because of being out-of-shape or getting older.
This consists of not being able to exert oneself due to lack of breath or a continuous cough. Mesothelioma stunts successful lung function. Even the least amount of physical effort can be unbearable. This gets worse because the disease spreads into more parts of the chest and abdominal cavity.
Respiratory system problems
A person with mesothelioma is a lot more likely to get respiratory infections as well as pneumonia. The lungs don’t combat infection as well in cancer sufferers. Physicians use X-ray imagery to evaluate symptoms of a chest infection. Initially, X-ray alone might not be enough to identify mesothelioma.
Pain in the chest
The area of chest pain is often at the site of the primary tumors. It may be in other areas of the lungs, chest, and heart also. The pain may be wrongly diagnosed as a muscle strain or pleurisy. These are not common symptoms people see a physician for unless the symptoms last for a prolonged period of time.
Peritoneal mesothelioma sufferers typically experience abdominal pain. This may be a sharp pain in any area of the abdomen. Or it could be a dull aching feeling. This pain originates from cancer growing in the abdomen. It may impact the stomach, intestines or solid organs within the abdomen.